Connect with us

Teacher Resources

Teaching Strategies: Harnessing the Power of Self-Reflection

Published

on

Teaching Strategies: Harnessing the Power of Self-Reflection

And areas needing improvement. Teachers can refine their methods and prioritize effective strategies by integrating reflective teaching practices.

Why is Self-Reflection So Important?

Effective teachers are first to admit that no matter how good a lesson is, our teaching strategies can constantly be improved—often, it’s why we seek out our colleagues’ opinions. However, we risk our audience making snap judgments about our instruction without genuinely having the context to support it.

Self-reflection is critical because it’s a process that makes you collect, record, and analyze everything that happened in the lesson so you can improve your teaching strategies where necessary.

The Process of Reflection

Linking self-reflection to effective teaching is a systematic process. Begin by identifying the focus of your reflection—is it a specific aspect of your education or a response to a particular classroom challenge? Regardless, start by gathering relevant information. Here are several methods to consider:

Self-Reflective Journal

Using a journal is a straightforward method for reflecting on your instructional sessions. After each lesson, take a moment to record your reactions and emotions, and then note any observations about your students. To maintain consistency, organize your journal into sections like lesson objectives, materials, classroom management, and student and teacher reflections. This structured approach allows for systematic assessment over time. Consider the following questions to guide your reflection:

Video Recording

Video recordings of your teaching are invaluable as they offer an unedited and impartial view of your lesson’s effectiveness from both teacher and student perspectives. Moreover, videos can serve as an extra pair of eyes, identifying behaviors or issues that may have been missed during the lesson. This method is widely utilized in colleges to teach aspiring teachers the importance of self-reflection.

Student Observation

Students are keen observers and eager to provide feedback. After your lesson, distributing a brief survey or questionnaire allows you to gather their perspectives on its effectiveness. Carefully consider your questions, encouraging students to articulate their thoughts fully. This process is a valuable learning experience for you and them, indirectly enhancing their writing skills.

Peer Observation

Invite a colleague to observe your classroom teaching. This provides a more relaxed and natural setting than when the principal conducts evaluations. This allows you to teach authentically and gives your colleague an honest view of your instructional methods.

To facilitate constructive feedback, prepare a questionnaire (utilizing the questions below) for your colleague to complete during their observation. Schedule a follow-up meeting to discuss their observations, ensuring a clear and insightful critique.

Questions to Ask Yourself

Whether using a self-reflective journal or seeking feedback from students and peers, crafting practical questions can be challenging. Here are some suggestions to help guide your reflection process:

  1. What were the main learning objectives of the lesson, and do you feel they were achieved?
  2. How did the students respond to the lesson content and activities?
  3. What aspects of classroom management were compelling or could be improved?
  4. Were there any unexpected challenges during the lesson, and how did you address them?
  5. In what ways did you differentiate instruction to meet diverse student needs?
  6. How did your instructional strategies support student engagement and understanding?
  7. What feedback did you receive from students during the lesson, and how did you adjust based on their responses?

Lesson Objectives

  • Was the lesson too easy or too difficult for the students?
  • Did the students understand what was being taught?
  • What problems arose?

Materials

  • Did the materials keep the students engaged in the lesson?
  • What materials did we use that worked in the lesson?
  • What materials did we use that didn’t work in the lesson?
  • Are there any resources or techniques you’d like to see used instead?

Students

  • Were students on task?
  • What parts of the lesson did the students seem most engaged in?
  • What parts of the lesson did students seem least engaged in?

Classroom Management

  • Were my instructions clear?
  • Was the lesson taught at a reasonable pace?
  • Did all students participate in the lesson?

Teacher

  • How practical was the overall lesson?
  • How can I do it better next time?
  • Did I meet all of my objectives?
  • How did I deal with any problems that came up during instruction?
  • Was I perceptive and sensitive to each student’s needs?
  • How was my overall attitude and delivery throughout class?

Analyze and Implement Effective Techniques

Now that you have collected data and student feedback, it’s time to analyze it. Begin by identifying recurring patterns. If you recorded your lesson, look for any consistent occurrences. Review student feedback forms for common themes.

Once you’ve pinpointed areas for improvement, consider these avenues for solutions:

  • Consult with colleagues: Discuss your findings with fellow teachers to seek advice and alternative approaches they have used to address similar issues in their classrooms.
  • Research effective techniques: Explore online resources and literature to discover proven methods that can help resolve your identified challenges.
  • Engage with teacher communities: Participate in blogs and social media discussions where educators share insights and innovative teaching strategies. Pose questions to gain new perspectives and ideas.
  1. The ultimate objective of self-reflection is to enhance your teaching practices. Whether you identify areas for improvement or affirm your effective methods, regular self-reflection provides honest insights. Implement this practice consistently throughout the year to continually refine your teaching toolkit. As a result, you’ll be better equipped to deliver impactful lessons and meet the evolving needs of your students with confidence.

Frequently Asked Question

What is self-reflection in teaching?

Self-reflection in teaching involves educators critically assessing their practices, decisions, and interactions within the classroom to improve teaching effectiveness and student learning outcomes.

Why is self-reflection critical for teachers?

Self-reflection helps teachers identify strengths and areas for improvement in their teaching methods. It enhances instructional strategies, promotes professional growth, and fosters a reflective teaching mindset.

How can teachers implement self-reflection in their practice?

Teachers can implement self-reflection by journaling about their teaching experiences, seeking feedback from students and colleagues, using video recordings for self-assessment, and analyzing student performance data.

What are the benefits of peer observation in self-reflection?

Peer observation allows teachers to receive constructive feedback from colleagues, share effective teaching practices, and gain new perspectives on classroom dynamics and instructional techniques.

How can self-reflection help improve student outcomes?

Self-reflection enables teachers to tailor their instruction to better meet student needs, enhance engagement, and foster a supportive learning environment by identifying and addressing areas for improvement.

Where can teachers find resources for self-reflection and professional development?

Teachers can find resources for self-reflection and professional development through educational websites, online forums, professional associations, workshops, and academic literature.

Conclusion

Harnessing the power of self-reflection is not just a beneficial strategy but a transformative practice for educators. Teachers can enhance their instructional effectiveness and student outcomes by regularly evaluating their teaching methods, engaging in peer observation, and seeking feedback from students and colleagues.

Self-reflection fosters a culture of continuous improvement, where educators adapt their approaches to better meet the diverse needs of learners and create supportive learning environments.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Professional Development

Essential Equipment and Preparation for Stunning Real Estate Photos in Los Angeles

Published

on

Los Angeles, renowned for its several lifestyle, entertainment enterprises, and fantastic landscapes, hosts a dynamic real property market. With a mix of ancient houses, present-day condos, and comfort estates, the city’s actual estate scene is vibrant and aggressive. High-first-rate real estate images perform a pivotal role in this marketplace. In a metropolis where first impressions are vital, stunning visuals can make or spoil an asset’s achievement. Professional images highlight a belongings’s fine features, attracting capability buyers and supporting listings that stand out in a crowded market.

This article delves into the importance of Los Angeles Real Estate Photography, examining how it complements estate appeal and drives sales. By understanding the effect of compelling visuals, actual estate retailers and house owners can leverage professional photography to maximize their assets’s marketplace potential. The goal is to underscore the price of terrific pictures in attaining a success belongings transaction in Los Angeles’s bustling real estate environment.

Essential Equipment for Real Estate Photography:

Cameras and Lenses:
To excel in real property snapshots, having the proper system is critical. High-brilliant cameras and lenses are the inspiration. Recommended virtual digital camera fashions encompass the Canon EOS R5, Nikon D850, and Sony A7R IV, all identified for their immoderate decision, remarkable dynamic variety, and superior autofocus abilities. Paired with those cameras, massive-attitude lenses similar to the Canon EF 16-35mm f/2.8L III USM, Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 14-24mm f/2.8G ED, and Sony FE sixteen-35mm f/2.Eight GMs are vital. Wide-perspective lenses seize more of the room in an unmarried shot, growing and reveling in the location and making interiors seem larger and extra inviting, which is essential for showcasing the property’s complete functionality.

Lighting Equipment:

Lighting is another important issue. Softboxes and flashes are the primary types of lighting equipment used in actual estate photography. Softboxes provide diffused, even lighting, reducing harsh shadows and developing an herbal look, while flashes are useful for adding milder in dim regions and may be used off-camera for greater innovative lighting fixture consequences. Techniques for using synthetic mild consist of balancing ambient and artificial mild to ensure an herbal combo, keeping off overexposure, and the use of a couple of mild sources to fill in shadows and highlight key capabilities. Reflectors also can be hired to bop light into darker regions, making sure each part of the room is well-lit.

Drone technology:
Drone technology has turned out to be more and more vital in actual estate photography, supplying particular aerial perspectives that could highlight property capabilities and the encompassing location. Recommended drones include the DJI Mavic Air 2, DJI Phantom four Pro V2.0, and Autel Robotics EVO II, all recognised for their first rate cameras and balance. Legal concerns are critical while the usage of drones; operators must gain FAA Part 107 Certification for commercial drone operations inside the U.S., understand neighborhood guidelines, and respect privateness worries via warding off capturing pictures of neighboring residences without permission. This complete system setup guarantees excellent, captivating real estate snapshots that can appreciably enhance property listings.

Trends in Real Estate Photography:

Emerging Trends:

  • Video tours offer dynamic, engaging content that can seize the eye of capable customers more efficacious than static photographs.
  • Cinematic films permit actual estate sellers to tell a tale approximately the property, compellingly showcasing the life-style and atmosphere.
  • With boundaries on physical viewings, video excursions have become crucial for carrying out virtual open homes, accomplishing a much broader target audience.
  • AR and VR technologies offer immersive viewing studies, allowing customers to discover homes in detail from the consolation of their houses.
  • AR can be used for virtual degree assets, presenting capability consumers with a better experience of how spaces can be utilized without the cost of physical staging.
  • VR provides practical 3-D walkthroughs, permitting customers to navigate residences as if they had been physically gifted, enhancing the choice-making process.
  • Social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook, and TikTok are critical for reaching a huge target audience quickly.
  • High-excellent, visually appealing content material is key to capturing interest on social media, making professional images and videography vital.
  • Features like stay excursions, stories, and reels increase engagement and offer real-time interaction with capability customers.


Preparing for a Real Estate Photography Shoot:

Effective instruction is key to attaining stunning real estate pictures that showcase homes in their first-rate light. This manual covers critical steps from pre-shoot-making plans to on-web page guidance and time control strategies.

Pre-Shoot Planning:

  • Initiate initial consultations to set up a clear plan.
  • Gather facts about the client’s expectancies and vision for the shoot.
  • Address preferred angles, key promoting functions, and unique belongings attributes.
  • Tailor the method of the picture to align with the client’s possibilities and desires.
  • Coordinate logistics including property admission to and staging requirements.
  • Ensure all important arrangements are made to facilitate a smooth photoshoot.
  • Develop a complete shot list as a guiding roadmap for the shoot.
  • Include huge-attitude photographs of every room, outside perspectives, architectural details, and extremely good promoting factors.
  • Organize the shot listing based totally on the property’s format and functions.
  • Streamline the photography system with the aid of prioritizing key regions and sequences.
  • Ensure the shot list covers all vital elements of the assets.
  • Aim for a balanced coverage that highlights each interior and outdoor space efficiently.
  • Use the initial consultation to clarify expectancies and ensure patron satisfaction.
  • Adjust plans as needed to meet precise patron desires and possibilities.

On-Site Preparation:

  • Ensure meticulous setup and very last tests to maximize capturing efficiency and exceptional.
  • Arrive on the property well before the scheduled shoot time.
  • Assess light situations and plan the shoot setup.
  • Remove any muddle or unnecessary objects that could detract from the pictures.
  • Set up cameras, lenses, tripod, and light gear.
  • Ensure all gadgets are in the most fulfilling operating situation.
  • Conduct a final walkthrough with the customer or agent earlier than beginning the shoot.
  • Verify that each room is staged correctly.
  • Ensure windows are easy for natural light pics.
  • Confirm that each staging factor is in the vicinity.
  • Address any remaining-minute adjustments or choices to make sure patrons are delighted.

Time Management:

  • Efficiently managing shoot time is important for productivity and consumer pride.
  • Follow the shot list carefully to ensure all important pictures are captured.
  • Maintain a consistent pace in the course of the shoot.
  • Start with door photographs throughout the finest lighting conditions (morning or past due afternoon).
  • Utilize smooth, flattering light for outside pictures.
  • Move interior after out of doors shots.
  • Capture rooms systematically, adjusting lights and composition as wished.
  • Larger estates/houses with large regions require more time.
  • Smaller residences/condos want much less time but benefit from considerate composition and light adjustments.
  • Remain adaptable to sudden events along with climate adjustments or delays.
  • Have contingency plans for indoor shoots if outdoor conditions are adverse.
  • Flexible scheduling complements professionalism and patron pride.

Adapt to client options and unique property desires.



Conclusion:
In conclusion, learning actual property photography in Los Angeles calls for a blend of strategic making plans, top-tier equipment, and efficient execution. The city’s dynamic marketplace needs fantastic visuals to attract discerning buyers and maximize belongings ability. By emphasizing the importance of expert photography, this manual underscores how extraordinary snapshots beautify belongings’ appeal and drive a successful income in a competitive environment.

From selecting the right cameras and lenses just like the Canon EOS R5 and Nikon D850, to learning lighting techniques with softboxes and flashes, each component contributes to shooting properties at their finest. The drone era similarly expands possibilities with unique aerial perspectives, but cautious interest in prison concerns is important. Obtaining FAA Part 107 Certification and adhering to nearby rules ensures responsible and effective drone use.

Effective preparation earlier than a shoot, along with thorough client consultations and meticulous on-website online setup, sets the stage for a productive session. Managing time effectively via adhering to a detailed shot list and adapting to belongings-particular needs similarly enhances professionalism and client satisfaction. Ultimately, integrating those factors not handiest elevates the fine of actual estate photography but also strengthens the market function of homes in Los Angeles’ colorful real estate scene.

Continue Reading

Teacher Resources

Maximizing Efficiency with Canva: Work Smarter, Not Harder

Published

on

Maximizing Efficiency with Canva: Work Smarter, Not Harder

Teaching requires balancing numerous tasks, such as creating lesson plans and grading papers. This ongoing juggling act can seem endless, making it crucial to find ways to improve efficiency.

Canva, a free tool, simplifies daily tasks so you can work smarter. Utilizing Canvas resources can streamline your workflow and lighten your load. Here are a few ways Canva can help create a more productive and creative classroom.

Streamlines Lesson Plans

Canva significantly boosts the efficiency and quality of your teaching materials. Its extensive library of templates lets you create engaging visual aids like infographics and diagrams, and customizable worksheet templates save time while ensuring resources are tailored to your curriculum. Canva also provides structured templates for lesson and unit plans, helping you organize objectives, materials, activities, and assessments in one place.

You can also design engaging learning stations and formative assessments such as exit tickets, making differentiated instruction and evaluations seamless. Incorporating Canva into your planning process enables you to produce professional-quality materials quickly, reducing stress and enhancing student engagement.

Enhances Classroom Management

Canva is a game-changer that enhances classroom management. Its digital planner templates help reduce the stress of juggling multiple tasks by keeping track of assignments, meetings, and important dates.

Customizable behavior charts make monitoring and rewarding student behavior easy. They encourage positive actions through visual and interactive tools. For instance, you can create a chart that tracks homework completion, motivating students to meet classroom expectations. Using these resources helps create a structured and efficient classroom environment.

Captivates Student Interest

Canva makes fostering student engagement effortless with its user-friendly interface and customizable resources. Interactive presentation templates captivate students’ attention, transforming lessons into visually appealing experiences with videos, animations, and quizzes that keep students actively involved.

Collaborative tools facilitate group work, allowing students to collaborate seamlessly, regardless of location. For less tech-savvy students, Canvas’s intuitive design tools enhance learning by enabling them to express their creativity and produce high-quality work, making the learning process more enjoyable.

Simplifies Communication

Canva simplifies communication by keeping everyone in the loop. Newsletters and announcement templates help inform parents and guardians about important dates, classroom activities, student achievements, and upcoming events.

Social media templates maintain an eye-catching online presence, allowing you to share classroom achievements, motivational quotes, and educational content. This would help you strengthen your connection with your school and community.

Bo by maintaining active communication with engaging visualsosts Professional Development

Canva effectively supports professional development with tools to enhance any professional portfolio or resource. Its design tools simplify creating elegant, skilled resources for growth activities, teacher and student portfolios, or showcasing lesson plans and student projects. For presentations, you can design high-quality handouts and visuals that leave a lasting impression.

Additionally, Canvas customizable templates for certificates of completion and workshop materials ensure your presentations and training sessions are professional and engaging. Utilizing Canva’s extensive resources makes professional development more dynamic and productive.

Empowers Remote Learning

Remote learning has become a significant part of modern teaching, and Canva is a valuable tool for creating engaging virtual classrooms. Custom backgrounds can correlate with the lesson topic, and interactive digital worksheets allow students to drag and drop elements or click links for additional information.

Canva also enables you to create banners, motivational posters, and welcome signs to make your digital space feel welcoming and vibrant. Using Canvas tools, you can ensure your remote lessons are as engaging as in-person ones.

Enhances Classroom Décor and Motivation

Enhancing classroom décor and motivation is easy with Canva. Create motivational posters, classroom rules, and banners using templates tailored to your decor, which can be printed and displayed. Involve students in designing posters or project presentations to enhance the classroom’s vibrancy and foster their sense of ownership and creativity. These materials can be printed or displayed digitally, making it simple to update the classroom environment regularly.

Incorporating Canva into your teaching toolkit simplifies daily tasks, from lesson planning and classroom management to student engagement and professional development. With Canvas free resources, you can create visually appealing materials that boost learning and communication, saving valuable time and energy. Explore Canva and discover how it can help you work smarter, not harder.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Canva, and how can it help educators?

Canva is a free online design tool that helps educators create professional-quality teaching materials quickly and easily. Its extensive library of templates and design tools allows teachers to streamline tasks such as lesson planning, classroom management, and student engagement, ultimately saving time and enhancing productivity.

How can Canva improve my lesson planning process?

Canva offers structured templates for lesson and unit plans, enabling you to organize your objectives, materials, activities, and assessments in one place. Additionally, Canvas customizable worksheet templates and visual aids, such as infographics and diagrams, help you create engaging and tailored resources efficiently.

Can Canva help with classroom management?

Yes, Canvas digital planner templates help you keep track of assignments, meetings, and important dates. Customizable behavior charts can monitor and reward student behavior, fostering a structured and positive classroom environment.

How does Canva enhance student engagement?

Canva’s interactive presentation templates, complete with videos, animations, and quizzes, capture students’ attention and keep them actively involved. Its collaborative tools facilitate group work, allowing students to work together seamlessly, in-person or remotely.

What are some ways Canva supports professional development?

Canva supports professional development by offering tools to create elegant and skilled resources, such as teacher and student portfolios, lesson plans, and project showcases. It also provides customizable templates for certificates of completion and workshop materials, ensuring your presentations and training sessions are professional and engaging.

How can Canva be utilized for remote learning?

Canva helps create engaging virtual classrooms by allowing you to design custom backgrounds, interactive digital worksheets, and visual aids. You can also create digital banners, motivational posters, and welcome signs to make your online learning environment feel welcoming and vibrant.

Can Canva help with classroom décor and motivation?

Absolutely. Canva enables you to create motivational posters, classroom rules, and banners that align with your classroom decor. Involving students in designing these materials can enhance the classroom’s vibrancy and foster their sense of ownership and creativity.

Conclusion

Maximizing efficiency with Canva allows educators to work smarter, not harder. By leveraging Canva’s extensive library of templates and design tools, you can streamline lesson planning, classroom management, and student engagement. Canva enhances your ability to quickly create professional-quality teaching materials, supports professional development, and brings vibrancy to physical and virtual classrooms.

Continue Reading

Teacher Resources

The Benefits of Using a Video Trimmer for Content Creators and Influencers

Published

on

Source

Every second counts in the dynamic world of content creation and digital influence. From crafting engaging narratives to capturing attention-grabbing moments, the ability to edit and refine videos efficiently is crucial. This is where a video trimmer becomes an invaluable tool for content creators and influencers. In this blog, we’ll explore the various benefits that a video trimmer offers, enhancing productivity, creativity, and overall content quality.

  1. Efficient Content Curation

One of the primary advantages of using a video trimmer is its ability to streamline the content curation process. Content creators often record extensive footage to capture the perfect shots and moments. However, not all footage makes the final cut. A video trimmer allows creators to easily trim out unwanted segments, ensuring that only the most compelling and relevant content remains. This efficiency saves time and enables creators to focus on refining their message rather than sifting through unnecessary footage.

  1. Enhanced Audience Engagement

In today’s digital landscape, capturing and maintaining audience attention is paramount. Videos that are concise and to the point perform better in terms of engagement metrics. A video trimmer empowers creators to trim down lengthy videos into shorter, punchier segments that are more likely to resonate with viewers. By delivering content that is both informative and concise, influencers can boost viewer retention and overall engagement on their platforms.

  1. Optimized Platform Compatibility

Different social media platforms have varying requirements and preferences when it comes to video length and format. A video trimmer allows creators to tailor their content for specific platforms effortlessly. Whether it’s resizing a video for Instagram stories or creating a teaser for YouTube, a trimmer provides the flexibility to adapt content without compromising quality. This adaptability ensures that creators maintain a consistent presence across multiple channels, effectively reaching a broader audience.

  1. Creative Flexibility

Beyond basic trimming, video trimmers offer a range of creative tools and features that empower creators to enhance their videos. These tools may include transitions, effects, overlays, and audio adjustments, among others. By experimenting with these features, influencers can add a unique flair to their content, making it more engaging and visually appealing. This creative flexibility not only distinguishes their videos but also helps in building a recognizable brand identity.

  1. Improved Workflow and Productivity

Time is a precious commodity for content creators, especially when managing multiple projects or collaborations. A video trimmer simplifies editing, allowing creators to work more efficiently. Features like batch processing, timeline editing, and keyboard shortcuts further streamline workflow, enabling faster turnaround times without compromising on quality. This efficiency not only boosts productivity but also frees up time for creators to focus on other aspects of content creation or personal pursuits.

  1. Cost-Effective Solution

Investing in a video trimmer is a cost-effective alternative to hiring professional editors or purchasing complex editing software. Many trimmers are available as affordable or even free-to-use applications, making them accessible to creators with varying budgets. Despite their affordability, these tools offer robust functionality and intuitive interfaces that cater to both novice and experienced editors alike. This accessibility democratizes content creation, allowing creators to produce high-quality videos independently.

  1. Seamless Collaboration

A video trimmer facilitates seamless communication and collaboration for influencers collaborating with teams or other creators. Cloud-based trimmers enable real-time sharing and editing of video projects, eliminating the need for file transfers or compatibility issues. This collaborative approach fosters creativity and synergy among team members, resulting in cohesive and polished content. Influencers can efficiently manage feedback, revisions, and approvals by leveraging shared editing tools, ensuring that their final videos meet collective standards and objectives.

  1. Data-Driven Optimization

Analyzing video performance metrics is essential for understanding audience preferences and optimizing content strategies. Video trimmers often integrate with analytics tools that provide insights into viewer engagement, retention rates, and click-through rates. By leveraging this data, influencers can refine their editing techniques and content delivery to better align with audience expectations. This iterative process of analysis and optimization is instrumental in building a loyal and growing viewer base over time.

  1. Compliance and Copyright Management

Navigating copyright regulations and content usage rights is crucial for influencers who incorporate third-party content into their videos. Many video trimmers include features for managing copyrights, such as audio libraries with royalty-free music or tools for adding watermarks and disclaimers. These compliance features help creators avoid legal pitfalls while protecting their intellectual property and respecting the rights of others. Influencers can maintain trust with their audience and stakeholders by ensuring legal compliance.

  1. Personal and Professional Growth

Lastly, mastering the use of a video trimmer can contribute to personal and professional growth for content creators and influencers. Learning new editing techniques, exploring creative possibilities, and honing technical skills not only enhance the quality of current content but also pave the way for future opportunities. As creators build their portfolios and expand their skill sets, they become more versatile and adaptable in an ever-evolving digital landscape.

In conclusion, 

The benefits of using a video trimmer for content creators and influencers are multifaceted and impactful. From efficiency and creativity to audience engagement and cost-effectiveness, a trimmer serves as an essential tool in every creator’s arsenal. By leveraging its capabilities, influencers can elevate their content quality, streamline their workflow, and ultimately cultivate a more compelling and influential online presence.

By embracing video trimming technology, content creators empower themselves to craft stories that resonate, captivate, and inspire audiences worldwide.

Continue Reading

Trending